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SAC, PHILADELPHIA 


JULY 26 , 1950 • 


SA ALBERT L. PIERCE 

THO'-'AS L. 31/. 0 was. 
EFPIOHAGE - R 


On July 21, 1950, the writer contacted Dr . PERCY A . I7ELLS . the 
Director of the Eastern Regional Research laboratory of the U.S.De- 
pa r^rrent of Agriculture, Y.'vndmoor, Pa., as suggested in the FBI 
Laboratory report dated July 15 , 1950. 

A photostatic copy of the report obtained from a search of BLACK'S 
residence entitled, "The Production of 1 -Sorbose from d-Sorbitol by 
Ace icbacter Suboxyd&ns 11 . was exhibited to Dr. T/3LLS with the request 
that he advise the v/riter if this process for the production of 1 -Sorbose - 
is practical and/or used on a commercial scale. 

Dr* WELLS stated the process 7/ill work and has been used commer- 
cially in the past. However, in 1937 the process was made obsolete 
by the discovery that the production cf 1-Sorbose could be considerably 
increased tv the use of high pressure tanks with internal agitators. 

Dr. WELLS explained that he v/-cte his Doctorate Thesis on the subject 
of "The Biochemistry of the Genus Acetooacter, with special reference 
to the Oxidation cf d-Sorbitcl to 1-Scrhose, and the relation of 
1-Sorbose to Vitamin C * t! A copy of this thesis. is available in the 
library of the Bureau cf Chemistry and Soils in Washington, D.C* * 

Tliis thesis explained in detail the discoveries of Dr. WELLS and 
his associates in working cn this problem at the Arlington Farm, Virginia, 
Color Laboratory of the Bureau of Chemistry and Soils of the Department 
of Agriculture. Dr. VYELLS and his associates started work at the 
Arlington Farm Laboratory in 1935* Their high pressure ana agitation 
process for the production of l-$crbose in this manner was not -perfected 
uncil the Spring of 1937. They found that by using a high pressure 
(approximately 30 lbs. a square inch) rotary tank with various devices 
inside the tank to agitate and introduce air into the fermenting fluid, 
their yields ran up to and above ?6/' cf the a -Sorbitol changed to 1-Sorbose. 


Dr. V/ELIS compared the high yield obtained by him and his colleagues 
with the £ 0 ! yield claimed in the report obtained from a search of BLACK'S 
residence. Bocuuso cf this great difforer.ee in yield obtained, Dr. WELLS 
did not believe that the method described in BLACK'S ropert would be 
commercially feasible following 7;ELLS ’ discovery. 


ALPuV.O'K 

Au-4332 



* 

I 

i 


TO SAC 

65-4332 

According to Dr. WELLS, the process described in BLACK'S report was 
a veil kr, owr. process similar to that used in the production of vinegar, 
and that it essentially 7/as one to increase the surface of the fermenting 
fluid exposed to the air because the bacteria will work only in the presence 
of adequate supplies of oxygen. He described his new process as a submerged 
process as compared to the surface process as described in BLACK’S report. 

Dr. '.TELLS stated that the process was developed by him and his colleagues 
at Arlington Farr., Virginia, using a three liter tank. However, in the Fall ' 
of 1937, a field station of the Bureau of Chemistry and Soils at the 
University of Iowa at Ames, Iowa, further developed this process using a 
500 liter tank. 

Because information regarding the high pressure process in the pro- 
duction of 1-Sorbose was published in the technical periodical "Industrial 
ar.d Engineering Chemistry", Vol. 2-?, page 1365, dated 1937* the process .-.as 
patented by Dr. Y7F.LLS for the Department of Agriculture on June 21, 1936. 

Dr. nELLS furnished the writer 7/ith a copy of this patent, Ho. 2,121,533* 
which was applied for on April 12, 1937* This patent is being made an 

exhibit in this file. Dr. \TSLLS further stated that th ir rotary fermenter 

used in this process was also patented under the name R. WSLBACE. Dr. ’.YELLS 
did net know the patent number. lie stated that as soon as this new process 
was published, Hoffman -LaRoche Chemical Company at Nutley, N.J., began pro- 
ducing 1-Sorbose commercially using this patented process. Later, two 
other companies also started producing 1-Sorbose using this patented process. 
They were Charles Pfizer Company, Brooklyn , K.Y-, and Uerck and Company, Inc., 
Rahway, K.J. 


J 


Page 2 


STANOARO FORM NO. 64 



*• "1 

irjpce 

Memorandum 

;TO : 

SAC, FHILADLLFiilA 

FROM : 

SA AL3LRT L. FISHC2 

SUBJECT: 

TMOL'AS L. BL'i'C/. , was • 


LSPIOI'aFJL - H 


k) 

UNITED SPATES GOVERNMENT 


DATE: JULY 26,. 1950 








- ‘.>-S »'* -v 




£:; 


* *■ 


Cr July 21, V)50 9 the writer contacted Dr. PERCY A. TIE LIS . the 
Director of the Eastern Regional Research Laboratory of the U.S .De- 
nar tment of Agriculture, Ayrdnoor, Pa., as suggested in the FBI 
Laboratory report dated July 19, 1950. 

A photostatic copy of the report obtained from a search of BLACK’S 
residence entitled, 11 The Production of 1-Sorbose from d-Sorbj tol by 
Acetcbacter Suboxydans 11 , was exhibited to Dr. ViELIS v/ith the request 
that he advise the writer if this process for the production cf l-Sorbo.^ 
is practical and/or used on a commercial scale. 


Dr. 

daily in 
by the di 
increased 
Dr. LELIS 


VIELIS stated the process will work and has been used commer- 
the past. However, in 1937 the process was made obsolete 
scovery that the production of 1-Sorbose could be considerably ‘ 
by the use of high pressure tanks v/ith internal agitators, 
explained that he wrote his Doctorate Thesis on the subject 


of 11 The Biochemistry of the Genus Ace tobacter , v/ith special reference 
to the Oxidation of d -Sorbitol to 1 -Sorbose, anc the relation of 
1 -Sorbose to Vitamin C. M A copy of this thesis is available in the 
library of the Bureau of Chemistry and Sells in Washington , D.C. 


This thesis explained in detail the discoveries of Dr. WELLS and 
his associates in working on this problem at the Arlington Farm, Virgin: 
Color Laboratory cf the Bureau of Chemistry and Soils of the Department 
cf Agriculture. Dr. WELLS and his associates started work at the ? 

Arlington Farm Laboratory in 1935* Their high pressure and agitation 
process for the production of 1-Sorbose in this manner was not perfected’ 
until the Spring of 1937* They found that by using a high pressure 
'approximate ly 30 lbs. a square inch) rotary tank with various devices 
inside the tank tc agitate and introduce air into the fermenting fluid, 
their yields ran up to and above ?6 / of the d-Sorbitol changed to 1-Sori 

Dr. WELLS compared the high yield obtained by him and his colleag 
with the £0,v yield claimed in the report obtained from a search of BLACk. 
residence. Because of this great difference in yield obtained. Dr. Y.L\ 
did not believe that the method described in BLACK’S report would be 
corrr ercia lly feasible following TELLS’ discovery. 

SEAPCHID mOCXE?._ 

JUL2S 1950 

f«{ • ♦ 


vLP ::.C' i’ 


Pa -ft 1 







-ti v. 


According to Dr* LfcLLS, the process described in BLACK'S report was 
a .veil known process similar to that used in uhe production of vinegar, 
and that it essentially was one to increase the surface of the fermenting 
fluid exposed to the air because the bacteria will work only in the presence 
cf adequate supplies of oxygen* He described his new process as a submerge 
process as compared to the surface process as described in BLACK * 3 report. 

Dr* '.VEILS stated that the process was developed by him and his collea- 
et Arlington Farm, Virginia, using a three liter tank. However, ~in the Fai 
of 1937 , a field station of the Bureau of Chemistry and Soils at the 
University of Icv/a at Ames, Iovm, further developed this process using a 
500 liter tank. 

Because information regarding the high pressure process in Lue pro- 
duction of 1-Sorboso was published in the technical periodical ts Industrial 
and Engineering Chemistry", Vol- 29, page 1385* dated 1/37 « the process was 
patented by Dr. V7ELLS for the Department -of Agriculture on June 21, 193 &m~*' 
Dr. KZLI/5 furnished the writ er with a copy of this patent, Do. 2,121, 533* f 
which v/as applied for on April 12, 1937- This patent is being made an , 
exhibit in this file. Dr* .-YELLS further stated that the rotary ferment 
usee in this process was also patented under the name R. VJELBACH. Dr. 7 
did not Know the patent number. He stated that as soon as this riev; -»ro- 
Y,*as published, Hof fmar -LaKochc Chemical Company at Kutley, N.J., began p 
ducing 1-Sorbose commercially using this patented process. Later, two. 
other companies also s tarted producing 1 -Sorbose using this patented ore • 
They v/ere Charles Pfizer Company, Brooklyn , N.Y. # and perch and Company 
Rahway. K.J* 


i naum • united stav> government 

■ - 


t , 


FROM : 
SUBJECT: 


sac 

5A ;-iur 


r:cr AS L. FLACK; 
F.SFTOh'AO'C - H. 


DATE: 6/21/50 


The- following items of trash v/erc re- 
ceived by- S5 R. C. SFITH on June 13, 
1950, as the result of a trash cove:' 
maintained on 1929 North 6th Street, 
Philadelphia, pa., the residence ad- 
dress of THOIIAS L. BLACK. This trash 
7/rs received throu g h the courtesy of 


_ _ the East Montgomery Street Trash 
Depot, located at 1204 East Montgomery is 7 if 
Avenue, Philadelphia, Pa. ^ 


DESCRIPTIOH: 


IIP!.: I 

A rutilated handwritten letter, signed ,: Yani:," written on the reverse sidc- 
of an invoice bearing the name L, COOPER, Chemical Specialities, 5935 
Spruce Street, Philadelphia, Pa. The following paragraph is quoted from 
this iter: 


"This is the last month PAD is here before go ins to Maine. 
Also it is slow season, so he could probably not bread: in 
a new man anyway, but he's interested and would like to 
meet him. (If GEIIE works for straight commission we vd.ll 
give him products too.) He doesn’t want to offend JOHN 
SCHMITZ. Cr.e reason JCKTI isn't aggressive is that his \ 
whole family are socialists. Pe warned." j 


It is noted that FAD mentioned above is 
DiriMAlC. 


possibly identical wit:! 


A. 


/JIG: JUS 

65-4332 

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.i UN J. 1U£.y 


rhtij.pt < I ' 


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Is a rutilated handwritten letter dated June 6, 19>0, bearing. the salu- 
tation ""ear Tor." The following paragraph is quoted * rorn this item: 


"PAD says "I!" IT is trying to make n sludge solver; 
told him whet they contained." 


TAD 


its; iii 

One mutilated handwritten letter, signed "Yard:." dated .Ye'. ; ra s lay, 5 , 

re?LS.tin,c vrhat is apparently the progress in establishment »°f a business 
of Tice. The Tollov:ir;,~ is quoted from this item: y 

"I retoat that I left f 40 dooccii. at 2761 Ken a in qt or., aw’d ^ ,,y 

before 6 ?K BI?C.71To will be there to jive you refund, ii 

rot dons already. .... 


/ 




* • * * 


r -F~on~ vr^s >:ore AF^.crv 7.-7943 * t: 


ITil.r F7 

One portion of s. mutilated envelope bearing what is apparently' a rctu 
address, 367 Oilier Avenue, Brooklyn 7, ifev: York. 


ITE.Y V 

One mutilated letter dated June 7. » ., Y/orcester . . ., signed what i£ 
apparently Pfl.C, and bearing the salutation "Dear Tom,' 1 The follordng 
is quoted from this item: 

!, I have tried many times to locate TYCPY klCYAPDS. but so 
far, no success, ^t makes, me wonder if he has cooled off* 

I don't care too much either way, but would like to know. 

I guess v.r will have to oc right ahead with or without him. 

I keep or. trying, and try to get his consent to use his 
name. I just had S/.GItl* on the phone. Strange he has been 
trying to pet in touch with rae at the same time 2 was trying 





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title 

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leave 

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as for you, 

v/e ?;ill have 

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e ces 

h to pay 

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It : r. nciei that 
PE'IGY HP-Ill, v/ho 
cbusetts erer. 


the v/riter of this item , 11 PEnC 1 ' , 
is a salesman of the C. V.. Berg 


possibly identical v;it; 
bcratori cr, in the i-.'.nns; 


xY-y " " rT 

Cne mutilated newspaper clipping, date and publication unknown, reflecting 
tie deoth of Professor LECf'OP. l/TC'IASJ IS. Thin item reflects that Doctor 
IIJOHAL’IIS, of 325 East 73th Street, member Emeritus of the Pockeffeller 3n- 
ntitvte for --of icai Research arc or* c-utsi eniin~ medico] scientist .m " 1 \ V : 
ij.l oho* dot. dr, ?.d nf t . heart at: meat ir Bock <**>". her Hospital. vie r : M 
cle : : -’i er to.; that HIGHAELTS v;cs survived by his v.iJo.v, th.s former r P,~..’b' 
-frjr-Tv/.L; tvs :Iaught 2 rr.,;:r 3 . GUSTAV dAiri: and low* NAPTIH T. V.tTYA!:; 

‘ i.v.o • vancchif dren, 5!f I ‘f T A mu IT.f'HHi JA3CSY. 

ITEwY 711 

Or;' 1 > •: hi Intel xao of AY rica and the Arabian peninsula, compiled nee Ov rn 
in the Cartographic Section of the National Geographic Secticu of the f 
tier:- 1 Geographic Society for the National Geographic Hern cine . ' r> nnsc~ 

lion cr notations were noted on this item. 


The items described in this me. 3 are being retained as a part of this Ye] 


' • o* 

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FU-600 l&- 10-77) 


VOLUME 


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PHILADELPHIA FILES 

Tt > O / v N <r \ L. . Ljj r / . 


INVENTORIED BY 

REVIEWED BYj^j. 
D*«: LLU-Z 


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ryiTE: 


July 26, 1950 ' 


v 


Be Philadelphia letter to Bureau, July 17, 1950. 

Mr. CHRISTOPHER HUGEST, Assistant Health Officer, Department of 
Health, Newark, New Jersey, has advised that the records of his office 
reflect no information concerning any receipt of complaint or any visit to 
tho apartment of THOMAS L. BLACK, 17 Oxford Street, Newark, Kev Jersey.. 

WALTER 7. SMITE, Rent Manager, Chain a Austin Apartments, Newark, 
Nov Jersey, advised that several complaints were received from tenants 
concerning THOMAS L. BLACK but that none of these complaints concerned the 
operation of a chemical laboratory in BLACK'S apartment. 

SMITH further stated that nothing in his rscords reflect that any 
complaints concerning BLACK were ever referred to the Department of Health 
in Newark, New Jersey. RUC. 


NK 65-3906 

LOT :EVL / 

/ 

CC Philadelphia ^ 

New York 

Washington Field 

UK 65-4074 (TEC&AS L. BUCK) 




\;\i 


■ \ J \ 



TO : J : sac . 

FROM * SA WILLIAV H.y^TLOR 

SUBJECT: THOVAS L. ELACK 
ESPIONAGE - R 


X^ATE: July 2U, 1950 *. 

O' 


Or. July 21, 1956 Special Agent WILLIAV H. NAYLOR interviewed WALTER 
ALKUS, aka BUDDY ALKUS, who is an employee of the CHARLES BERG LA BORA f OP. IRS,* 
1827 North 5th Street. 


Vr. ALKUS was questioned regarding his knowledge as to whether or not 
THOVAS BLACK had ever received a telephone call from a woman during the past 
few months. According to ALKUS, BLACK occasionally received calls from a' 
woman who is connected with the Franklin Institute, name unknown, and that he 
faintly recalls that on another occasion, BLACK received a phonecall from a 
woman, name unknown. According to ALKUS, he recalled this incident due to the 
fact that when he gave BLACK some message, the nature of which he does not 
recall, BLACK did not seem to have any idea who the person calling mi'ght be. 

He was questioned regarding the probable date of this call and as to whether 
or not tha call might have teen made in Vay, and upon looking at a calendar, 
ALKUS guessed that the call probably was made about Vay IT, 1950. j 

Vr. ALKUS was unable to furnish any information concerning the 
message above referred to or the name of the woman who called BLACK. 

Upon being questioned as to whether or not the name WATKINS may have 
been used, ALKUS expressed an opinion that it seemed that the call may have 
come from a Viss or Vrs . WATKINS. 


ALKUS stated that he would try to recall as much about the situation 
as he could and in the event he felt that he was in a position to furnish 
additional information he would communicate with the Philadelphia Office. 


In connection with the above, at approximately 11:15 AW on July 21, 

1956, Vr. ALKUS telephonic ally contacted Special Agent HOWARD A. SEARL, stating 
he could not recall the name of the agent to whom he had just been talking 
about a telephone call which he had received in Vay, Agent SEARL was not 
aware of the questioning that had been conducted by Special Agent NAYLOR 
at this time. ALKUS stated he now recalled that the name of the woman who made 
the telephone call was probably Viss WATKINS and on thinking it over, believed 
she. was from the Franklin Institute. He said he had made a telephone call to 
the Franklin Institute and determined that there was a Viss WATKINS employed 
at that organization and could be reached through Extension 213 of the Franklin 
Institute. 65"-^33a-75' s : 

WHN/jmf ' - /> f-t r~n j 






fsEARCHtO— rrr: 


KT.IO 

j 1 

— * 



FROM : SA WILLIAM R.v. .YLOR 


SUBJECT: THOVAS L. BUCK 
ESPIONAGE - R 


vOATE: . JuV2H; 1950 */ 



On July 21, 1950 Special Agent WILLIAM H. NAYLOR interviewed WALTER 
ALKUS, aka BUDDY ALKUS, who is an employee of the CHARLES BERG UBORATORIES, 
1827 North 5th Street. 


’■ V \ Mr, ALKUS was questioned regarding his knowledge as to whether or not 

; I ; THOMAS BUCK had ever received a telephone call from a woman during the past 

*^ trrr , 1ir few months. According to ALKUS, BLACK occasionally received calls from a- 

\ woman who is connected with the Franklin Institute, name unknown, and that he 
■’ faintly recalls that on another occasion, BUCK received a phonecall from a 

• woman, name unknown. According to ALKUS, he recalled this incident due to the 

fact that when he gave BUCK some message, the nature of which he does not 
recall, BUCK did not seem to have any idea who the person'calling mil^it be. 

[ He was questioned regarding the probable date of this call and as to v.hether 
or not the call might have been made in May, and upon looking at a calendar, 

■ ALKUS guessed that the call probably was made about May 17, 1950. 



Mr. ALKUS was unable to furnish any information concerning the 
j message above referred to or the name of the woman who called BUCK, 


Upon being questioned as to whether or not the name WATKINS may have . 
been used, ALKUS expressed an opinion that it seemed that the call may have 
come frcm a Miss or Mrs, WATKINS. 


ALKUS stated that he would try to recall as much about the situation 
as he could and in the event he felt that he was in a position to furnish 
additional information he would communicate with the Philadelphia Office. 




In connection with the above, at approximately llil5 AM on July 21, 
1950, Mr. ALKUS telephonic ally contacted Special Agent HOWARD A . SEAP.L, stating 
could not recall the name of the agent to whom he had just been talking 
cut a telephone call which he had received in May. Agent SEARL was not 
ire of the questioning that had been conducted by Special Agent NAYLOR 
■ 'this time. ALKUS stated he now recalled that the name of the woman who made 


-.ne telephone call was probably Miss WATKINS and on thinking it over, believed 
,y^he was from the Franklin Institute. He said he had made a telephone call to 
-—..'•he Franklin Institute and determined that there was a Miss WATKINS employed 


—at that organization and could be reached through Extension 213 of the Franklin 
■ J Institute. - , 




WHN/jmf 

65-1*332 


SEARCH tB p) 1 

8E*UJ?eo. '0 1 

• ,.JUL2fi I 


-lack, *hoT.o.s iccclr.^ ISO? 5-fi* 

^lnc’:, I'asv.o ljc.-r.in/; / / '• „ , . -. . .' / — 

'ri ( ;ht, '^u“ 121 

'■ill las. a, 'leor,;r. 22 2 ) '- 

Jonon, lo t 10 - 1 U HI H 

«or.cc, korold $ i •.= HI 

j»— • hilc .-a 7-19-50 , 

L <- 

A search of the j in grr prints on the above individual has Jailed to disclose prior 
Criminal data. 1 - . . ' — 



i ^ DIRECTOR 

FEDERAL BUREAU. OF INVESTIGATION 


-lark, I’.'irr-.o Ls- sin,; 


* 3 907 5-9*- 


121 

212 

1C ' 1 U III 11 
S l U 111 


■v— il- ihll-:v •< a 

i-lf.ck, I’h 0 ”ft 3 I'cs-iin/; 

A tcjrrh of the f in f^er prints on the above individual has foiled to disclose prior 
criminal data . . — -* 



sj l -- CM RECTOR 

FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 


’I'otT! 


. 1907 : 


» t: ■ 


1 21 ; 

212 i 

10 - 3 L HI if 
i 1 U III - 




-'k ihlla * £ 


£]ack, Thetr/ir ^escinp 


.4 i torch of the fingerprint* on the above individual has failed to disclose prior 
criminal data. 


^DIRECTOR 

FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION' 




’Vi 


' i 1 1 : i j , «oor,:o 


v« 1507 5-8}. 


121 

212 

10 ' 1 HI 11 


5 1 b III 



priot 


FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 


^ one r. # 

Tor. 




V 1907 

5-83, 


121 



I . , .. 

'\ _ _ i “ ; ^ 

*' ' " 1 


*^1? 





‘ ’ ' 

10 

1 

0 

111 

: ii - .. 




Ji 1 

U 

111 



i 

\ : 

£ — 

rl'. 

hilR 

ft 


* 

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i,v' • 





fclaek, 

Thor.r-« loosing 

A sea 

rch of the 

finiert 

>rirtft 

on the abov 

e indiv idual ha 

failed to disclose prin 


criminal data. 


4 


>s ** m n 


DIRECTOR 
FEDERAL BUREAU OF I NVEST1G ATICN 


^one:s, i’arold 


121 

212 

10 - 3 


I W 1907 . 5-Sjl ’ | 


b HI ll 
l III 


— 51- J hlla la 


- lack, lli or. as ^©80 ir.fi 

A search c : the fingerprints on the above individual has failed to disclose prior 





CTANDAHO FORM NO, <M 


Office Memorandum • united states government 

TO SAC DATE: August 2, 1950 

: HEP32RT F* GREATHOUSE, SA 

SUBJECT: THOMAS L. 3 LACK, was 

ESPIONAGE - R ‘ ‘ 


Re nemo SA JAMES E. HSL3R, captioned as above, dated July 7, 1950# re 
surveillance of THOMAS L. BLACK on June 23-29# 1950. 

The writer reviewed the photographs of NICHOLAS CHASE on July 31# 1950, and 
it was determined that CHASE is identical with the individual who met BLACK 
in the Philadelphia City Hall corridor on June 23, 1950 as BLACK was en route 
• to the Philadelphia Office for interview. 


HFG:ebn'{’"~ 

65-L332' 


£ 5 - 03J-- 7(oO 





qX vj 


August 2 , 19^0 


:iL^cn? r. crsxzy.crxZ; sk 

TUT*- S\^ U 3IACH3 xxn 3 

- -v ■* ? ''— »■<* «» f) 

r^vrZu^kjL# — It - r — 


e echo SA Jj^r l?Ji21~ZL 9 captioned es above, dated July 7, -L?3>0, re 
tuvel il^n oa oi' Ti'?'L 5 .d L* on Jmh .2 20—29, 1>53« 

-The writer revLcv.'^d tho photographs of !TICnOLA5 -CilASL on only 31, 195>C, find 
It was detominod that GIKSE is Identical ■with. the individtial who net 2LA.GA - 
in the ? hi 1 ade lnhl ? City Erll corridor on Jane 20, Ij/pQ as 5Li.CH was en rente 
to the' Philadelphia. Office for interview. • •• * -.~- 


65 -t 3 ii 


r . „ - ■ . i. - - { - 

6 S- </ 2.^3-760 


scar cm:v.. inpexsd j 

Si*.*U?<”-. ft*", fnfft /**-_ . ■ S 

AUG ;? 1930 j 


» Cl • . 





STANDARD IWM NO. 04 


Office Memorandum • united states government 

TO : SAC DATE: 8/3/50 

FROM : SA WILLIAM B. WELTE, JR. 

SUBJECT: THOMAS L. BLACK, was I 

ESPIONAGE - R 


On 7/19/50, the subject was interviewed by SA S ROBERT W. HOLMES and WILLIAM B. 
WELTE, JR. During the course of this interview with the subject, BLACK stated 
that he had received a letter from JACOB FASS wherein FASS had told BLACK of 
his interview with Agents of the FBI. BLACK consented to turning this over to 
the Agents. The letter from FASS is being maintained as an exhibit in instant 
file. 


wbw/rac 

65-4332 


(,5 * 332 - 71 1 




SA WILLIAM B. WELTE, JB. 


THOMAS L. BLACK, was 

f<;?tk;age = R 


C . Q pnornT W. HOLMES and WILLIAM B. 
Dn 7/19/50. the subject was Interviewed by SAS_EDBERT W BLACK stated 

S8& ssur. = » 

sss-iT-ru a's-Jfia- - - — * — 

file. 


wbw/rac / 

65-4332 





w ^ 

FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 


Forra No. 1 I ^ 

This case originated at Philadelphia KH file no. 65-1340 *T& 







TiU . .InaSII. 







■ -• 


.65-13W 


JlfP : rs 
ns a Co 


1 

rAunist. 





She* stated that she did noi recall the source of any of thisinfoma- 
tion but that she knew that what she believed to be Communist Party meetings %/ere held 
in this woman • a apart;:. ent, and this woman had approached her on several occasions to go 
to Communist Party meetings and intimated that she would like to have her Join the 
Communist Party, krs. STL’ IN said that she did not go to any of these meetings and has 

alv.-r.ys been opposed tc Communism. She described this woman as in her e;.riy thirties, 

about 5 ft. 4 in., v.ith reddish blond hair, a rather attractive face and of medium 
build. Che stated that about tho same time that she left 510 Hudson St., this woman 
also doparted and her apartment was taken over by a young couple who had recently been 
married named SYLVIA snd DAVE whose last naive she could net recall. She stated that she 
believed that DAVE vas a ochool teacher but she did not know wnere he taught. She said 

that during this period, she struck up a casual acquaintance with the subject whom she 

knew as FERi. KELLER and that during this period, he resided on the second floor under the 
DEL’ * s apartment with a woman whose name she could not recall. . She stated that H ELLER 
rented the front room of tho apartment from this woman and she believed her to be a 
Communist. Mrs. Si' KIP said that this woman had approached her or. several occasions to 
go to meetings which she described as social meetings but which Mrs. STLIN felt were C.P. 
meetings. She said that this woman had a very objectionable personality and spent most 
of her time typing in her apartment. She stated that she did not know what this woman 
did for a living but she did knew that she and KELLER fought continuously and eventually 
HILLER moved out of the apartment and it was her understanding that he lived with SILVIA, 
and DAVID on the first floor for a fev/ months, ifrs. STEIL said that she believed that 
tho woman who ranted a room to HELLER may have been jealous of his attentions to other 
women and his disinterest in her and therefore branded him as effeminate, which resulted 
in HELLER's disliking her, and many arguments . Hrs. STEIN said that her acquaintanceship 
with KELLER during this time was limited to a casual movie with him or a meal and she 
emphasized that she even paid her own way on these occasions because HELLER was very poor. 


She stated that she recalled that HELLIl'i curing this time v.ss work- 
ing as a chemist for 3on:e company in Hew Jersey and commuted daily to Kew Jersey via the 
tube trains. She said that to the beet of her knowledge he did not belong to any organiza- 
tions at that time but seemed to spend most of hi3 time . engaging in his favorite hobby' 

of dancing at Ros eland Ballroom in New York City. She said that on most occasions when 

he went to Rosoland to dance, he brought one of the hostesses homo with him after the 
dance "to continue dancing until morning”. Mrs. STEIN said that she did- not recall any 
discussions that Bhe had with HELLER regarding Communism or Russia and did not have any 
reason to believe that he wa3 a member of the Communist Party or in any way disloyal to 
this country. Mrs. STEiK pointed out however, that her acquaintanceship with HELLER 
was a vary casual one and that she was quite young at that tine and vas not cognizant of 

Communism as she is at this tire. She stated that after leaving 510 Hudson St, in the 

late summer of 1934* she visited the DSN s quite often for a period of time and therefore 
knew a little of what KELLER and the others residing at 51C Hudson St. were doing. She 
said that in 1933 she remarried and in 1939, came to Guilford, Ct. to her present address 
where and her husband. Hr. A. B. STEIN, have managed a chicken farm. 


V-'' 


m u UO 
JW? : Ps 






Shs 3aid that since leaving New York, she usually receives a Christmas 
card fro;’.'. KILIdR and he has stopped in_uo see her about j or 4 times but that she has 
had ro close contact vdth him. 


A copy of this report is being sent to the New York and L 03 Angeles 
Offices for their information inasmuch as they have leads to interview other residents 
of 510 Hudson 3t. , New York City, No lead is being sot out to interview Mr. and Mrs. 
ALBERT DIv..’ presently residing at 222 South Jessup St., Philadelphia, Pa, inasmuch as 
it is believed that the Philadelphia Office has undoubtedly interviewed the DLL's. Mrs, 
2TP.II-' mentioned that she did not believe that the DSL’s had beer involved with thr- 
Cemimirt Party while in Now York City and further mentioned that they wore presently 
vacationing until the rriaflo of August at Saranac lake. New -York bat she did not have 
their exact address there. 


- REFERRED UPON COMPLETION TO OFFICE OF ORIGIN - 


REFERENCE: 


Report of SA Hcwsrd A. SEARL dated July 6, 1950 at Philadelphia, 








FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 


Form No. X ! 

This case or re ! mated at i r*-) I ! ♦ * iT* L J *. ili pile no. / * 







APtflSISTiUTIYM 


A copy or tble report Is boln£ fumlcbed to K<n» York for 
lm’omtittor., inasacch ac that office i* couciacting active investigation 
in this cans. 



RSrSnsKCRt Philadelphia letter to Enltiaera dated (>/l?/50. 

Koport cl- 2A y.&iXuii A. ffifAIiL, Philadelphia, dated 7/6/50* 




FD-72 

( 1 - 10 - 49 ) 


__ FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 


Fwmhto. l I 

This 6am Opioihatto at 


PHILADELFiJIA , PENNSYLVANIA 


MPOKT MAM AT 


Yl/jrr, FLORIDA 


MttWHDI 


MCA too for WHICH MAM 



8-3-50 


65-2362 * 


J. RICHARD BUTTS JR3:egh 


ouMcmorcui 


2RDINAND PHILIP HELLER, was. 


ESPIONAGE - R 


SYNOPSIS OF PACTS: 


SOLOMON LEWIS BELL, aka Saul Bell, Miami Beach, Fla., 
states he became acquainted with BLACK in 1923 at which 
time they were both employees of American Cynamia Co., 
Linden, N.J. BLACK, ana BELL remained fairly close 
friends until 1938. HELL claims he has never seen 
FLACK nor corresponded with him since that time. BELL 
was aware of BLACK* s CP membership and activities but 
claims he had no knowledge of his espionage activities. 
BELL denies knowing HELLER but thinks it possible HELLER 
was one of party with, whom he and BLACK made an auto 
trip from Newark to Philadelphia in early 30s. EELL 
claims to have never been CP member but states his siter, 
FRANCES, is "probably" a CP member as she is married to 
FRANK CHANDLER of Newark who BELL knows to be CP member. 


- RUC - 


DETAILS: 


AT MIAMI BEACH. FLORIDA. 


Mr. SCLOMCN LEWIS BELL was interviewed August 8, 1950, at his place 
of employment, the Mount Sinai Hospital. BELL advised that he works and 
lives under the name SAUL BELL. He resides at 226 Jefferson Avenue, Miami 
Beach, Florida, with his wife and one child. He is now employed as head 
X-ray technician at the Mount Sinai Hospital, 


APPROVED AND 
ropwARora 


DO MOT WRITS IN TVCKX2 SRA 


oorta or this m wn 


5 - Bureau 
m 3. - Philadelphia 
'2 - Miami 















>3! 65-2332 


Vj 


BELL stated- that he was enployed by the American Cynamid Company 
of Linden, New Jersey, in 1928, as a laboratory technician. He at that time 
was also attending the Newark, New Jersey, Technical School. ' It was at 
this time, according to BELL, that he became acquainted with BLACK w'hom he 
knew as TASSO LESSING BLACK. BLACK was also enployed at that time by the 
American Cynanid Company as a chemist. BELL stated that because of their 
similar intellectual likes he and BLACK became quite friendly aid thereafter 
from 1928 until sometime in 1933 he and BLACK maintained fairly close social 
relations. BELL- stated that he had been a visitor at BLACK' s apartment on 
many occasions. He stated that he recalls BLACK'S apartment as having been 
located in a large housing project somewhere east of Broad and Market 
Streets. He, BELL, at that time was living at 5L1 Linden Avenue, Elizabeth, 
New Jersey. 

BELL stated that he was quite aware of BLACK' s membership in the 
Communist Party inasmuch as BLACK had attempted to persuade him to join the 
Party on many occasions. BELL stated that he never did join the Party but 
that he and BLACK had numerous conversations and discussions concerning 
Communism and he was not at all surprised to learn that BLACK had been en- 
gaged in espionage in behalf of the Soviet Union. BELL maintained, however, 
that at no time was he ever aware of the fact that BLACK was engaged in such 
espionage activities. BELL stated that he was also aware of the fact that 
BLACK later became associated with the Socialist Workers Party, but had no 
pertinent information to offer regarding BLACK'S activities therein. 

BELL was questioned concerning any of BLACK' s former friends or. 
associates whom he could recall. He stated that he recalls BLACK having 
had a roommate during the time he visited with him at the aforementioned 
apartment project and to the best of his recollection this roommate's name 
was similar to "JOHNEL". BELL said he never knew this roommate. 

BELL stated that during the times he visited BLACK in his apartment 
he at no time met any persons whom he thought might have been native Russians 
and, furthermore, BLACK at no time mentioned to him anything concerning his 
having attempted to obtain a position within the Soviet Union. BELL also 
said that BLACK never mentioned having any connection with AMTORG. 

' l BELL stated that he recalls that BLACK went to work for the National 
Oil Products Company in New Jersey after leaving the American Cynamid Company. 
He stated that he last saw BLACK in 1938 and since that time he has neither 
seen him nor corresponded with him. 


- 2 - 


MM 65-2382 






Upon V-cing questioned concerning any knowledge on his part of 
FERDINAND PHILIP HELLER, BELL claimed that the name was totally unfamiliar 
to him. BELL stated that it is quite possible that HELLER might have been 
a friend of BLACK'S whom he met briefly but that he is sure he never had any 
lengthy contact with him. 


BELL recalled, however, that in the early 1930s he and SLICK, to- 
gether with two or three other young men made an automobile trip from Newark 
to Philadelphia for pleasure. 3ELL stated that it is possible that HELLER 
might have been one of these other young men who accompanied him. and BLACK 
but he car. net say for certain. 


BELL stated that ho was bon January 20, 19C9, in Berdichev, Russia. 
His father's name is ISAAC BRELETESCOFSKY, his mother's name is SARAH and 
his parents reside at this time at 762 Eaton Street, Elizabeth, New Jersey. 
BELL stated that he w r as brought to the United States by his parents when he 
was about throe years old and he obtained derivative citizenship through 
his father who was subsequently naturalized. 

As stated before, BELL denied ever having been a member of the Com- 
munist Party himself or having attended any meetings .of the Communist Party. 
BELL- did state, however, that his sister, FRANCES, is married to a man named 
FRANK CHANDLER whom, he, BELL, knows to be- a member of the Communist Party. 
EELL stated that they reside somewhere in Newark, New Jersey, but he is not . 
aware of the street address. 


REFERRED UPON COMPLETION 
TO THE 

OFFICE OF ORIGIN 


- 3 - 





JSDERAl BUREAU 01 IITESTIOATIOE 


Originated At PHILADELPHIA Pile To. 65-134 2 


a-ede“H 

PITTSBURGH 

Dp be 
8/21/50 

umemimm 

■ 

~n^TEy 

J. EDVARD KADVAI 

"Title 



Char ac' ter 

FE5DIFAFB PHILIP HELLER 

. vae. 

ESP10TAGE - R 



the adv&nceoent of Com£>un i bs Id the tl. S. since 
it vac the code of the era. Subject described as 
hevixig a flexible e nd na 1 eeL I e tv o e of personality, 
easily persuaded. ££ ' ■, -1-1 . -■ - v : • k • 1 JS r - 0 questionable 
activities be tween subject rt'n i. PLACE. Subject's 
residence at pnd telephone cells emanating froc the 
Pern-Beaver Hotel, Eochester, Pa., listed In detail. 

- R tJ C - 


DERAILS; 


a? ?i ri-SHUH5H. Pg-TSYI^ATIA 


.V 


* Mr “ lil ' ^ - -• ^ J 

,z J3 * group of “ColuDbip intellec tuplB, • 

4,1,1 f£i 



Apprr'd. A Forwarded 


SAC 


T 


Do Kot Vrlte In Shese Spaces 


5 £A^CH£ 0 ._^ V ^ fNDCT^ 5*^/2 


T 


CopTee^ 

5 - Bureau 
2 — Few Fork 

<£?- Philadelphia (fr »C5-4 34e ) 

2 - Pittsburg 

- d ^ — - A<r -43#T 


AUG 2 4 1950 

fBi • Philadelphia 


It* 





'"f 


PG 65-1342 



who considered It the node of t he ere to disc uss Conrruni6D and Its Inspiring 
ideology. TVirlng this period, 0 . _ \ .' r ~3 foroer President BOCVE?. vas in 

office and the country wes involved it a period of depression, and Conmunisn 
Wes fast becoming known as the form of government that would save the American 
people from utter ruin. Because of Ibis, there vps a great deal of telk 
about CoDounisri end its e-dvanceoent in the United States. fj A 



Because of VISA KAl-T's effervescent personality and the 
romantic surroundings of the epartoent, cany people visited VEFA and KELLER 
at VESA's opartoentj and during these gatherings would discuss the intellectual 
aspects of Connuaieo, the oppression of the workers and other problems of 
the era. 



held down that, if it was suggested to hie that he Join in a picket line 


Ip “Id 


- 2 - 




PS 65-1342 



y 


i 

V 


fitb other pickets, he vould inDedietcly t^ke up e pl*cp.rd *ad D?rd: vith 
^he pickets. F ‘ ' , .'' " V T . . \ ^ 

.. .*> . • • ' - ' ; v a - j- v ■■■..■ -r ■ “ ■ • TT./ 

- > * f . > i. ^ ^ "S' ( 


UT 1 » TT 

. U.r*i . 


4 




wp 6 the type of fellow who coulc be led into having the sene sympathies 
&£ the pickets and this, coupled with his theory tha.t the workers should 
better themselves, led hie into various types of lpbor activities in which 
he bed no particular interest other than e. general interest in the working 
class. bid 





7 











looked for the address of rnd HXll^ In the Kev York City Telephone 

Directory end found thr.t thes e two Individuals hod two separate listin gs. 

yi 6 


Vith regard to 3$iQKAS 1. BLACC, known 


as TaSSC LSSSH'G 3LAC£. 6ke stated that she met him onlv once. JR' *u ' 

Ev “ % ' y ' ^ -*• ' 

gj^fffilrVtf ^i^iY k ' r’n ^ \ v-£"' u tW • / %'s .jti- j» J ^ * :» ■ ' ' - g V *-**■■ ^ ** ;a ~ , 


She rec^Oled thr.t her Impression of BLaCT was 
^ ervy w eig ht* or •brains* of the entire group 
pS® U f eppewed to^ojsej^ 
e learner and not e follower 



ponrllty — -d efinitely 
=1 thou^i 


she knew BliACE and Kff! IJv? were very close friends, if any suggestions were 
to he nade end carried out, BLACT would he the instigator of such suggestions) 
EELIHE would he the one who would probably carry out the suggestions since 
he was easily led. 


zm 


knew of no activities in which 


BLAC^and KBIl.ra a'igr.t nave been involved other than those oentioned above, 
1^". ev er known of their working together in any respect other than 

in "a. business wry since they were both Interested in the s«oe type of work. 



*■ 3 - 




PC 65-1342 


The following Investigation was conducted by SA BEHHABI) 

V. CASHPOL1AR: 

AT BOChBSTZR. PPTT SYLVAITU 

Kra. E£IE S3-T2, Auditor* Penn-Beever Hotel, Brighton 
Avenue, made available the guest registration records of the hotel for the 
years 1947, 1948, 1945, end through June, 1950. Tron these records It was 
deterclned that the subject had resided et the Penn-3ea ver Hotel on four 
occesiona. 


1. On January 6, 1948, at 6:18 F.K. , he registered as 
T, P. HELLER, American Chemical Faint Company, Ambler, Pa., and va6 assigned 
Room 107. Ee checked out on January 7, 194B, et 10:1? A.K.. leaving no 
forwarding address. 


On January 7, 1948, he ma.de three local telephone calls: 

A. Beaver Pplls 2593 (Ho answer)* Phone listed to 
EJfEST PERBOTT, doing business as Perott Electric Company, 700 Seventh Avenue, 
Beaver Tells, Pa. 

B. Beaver Tails, Pa., 210-K, listed to ALBERT V. SETDSR, 
1225 Sixth A-enue, Beaver Tails, Pa., doing business as Home Electric Company. 

C. To Hooke town, Pa. - no number recorded. 

D. To Beaver Palls, Pa,, 191, listed to Iagrahan- 
El chard eon Manufacturing Company, Beaver Tails, Pa. 

2. On Kerch 28, 1948, at 1:33 F.K. , subject registered 
again as T. P, HE LLER and V£b assigned Boom 308, Ee checked out on 
April 3, 1950. Ee made the following telephone calls during his stay: 

A. On Karch 28, 1948, he called an unknown Cleveland, Ohio, 
number, station to station, talking for thirteen minutes. 

B. On Karch 28, 1948, he called an unknown Rilledelphia, 
Pa.* number, station to station, talking for twelve minutes. 

C. On Kerch 30, 1946, he called Beaver Tails, Pa., 191, 
listed to Ingraham-! ichardson Kanufacturing Company, Beaver Tails, Pa. 


PG 65-1342 



D, On Kerch 30, 1948. he called Beaver, Pa,, 1989-R. 
listed, to I3U-VII' S, PATTER SOU, Tan Burea Homes, Yaoport, Pa., vho is listed, 
in the City Directory as an employee of the Ingraham-Rickardson Company, 
Beaver Pell, Pa., wife's first name, DORIS. 

E, 0c March 30, 1948. he unsuccessfully attempted to 
cpll Eookstown, Pa., listed to PE7TQT ROSE RUSSELL, Rochester, Pe.» , area., 
District Manager, American Chemical Paint Company, Eookstown, Pel, 

P. On Karch 31, 1948, he called a Eookstown, Pn., 
number (not recorded), possibly Eookstown 3026, listed to PEY'TOl'* ROSE 
HUSSILL, American Chemical Peint Company. 

G, On March 31, 1948, he called an unknown Detroit, 
Michigan, number end talked for sixteen minutes. 

E. On March 31, 1948, he called an unknown number at 
Middletown, Ohio, and talked for twelve minutes, 

I, On Kerch 31, 1948, he called an unknown number at 
Xoulsville, Kentucky, but cell was Dot completed* 

J, On Kerch 31, 1948, he called Eookstown 2026, listed 
to PETTOE ROSE RUSSELL, District Manager, American Chemical Paint Company, 

K, On April 2, 1948, he called *d unknown number et 

Eookstown, Pa. 

X, On April 2, 1948, he called Eookstown 202$, listed 
to PKITOU ROSE RUSSELL, District »nrger, American Chemical Paint Company, 
Eockstown, Pa_ 


K, On April 2, 1948, he called an unknown number at 
Louisville, Kentucky, but call was not completed. 

K, On April 2, 1948, he called an unknown Middletown, 
Ohio, cumber rad talked for four minutes. 

O. On April 2, 1948, he attempted to call Beaver 4457, 
"but line wrs busy. Phone listed to American Chemical Paint Company, 

633 5Mrd Street, Beaver, Pa* 


I 



PG 6S-1342 


P. On April 2. 1948, be celled an unknown number e.t 
Philadelphia, Pn,, end talked for six minutes. 

3. On April 6, 1948, at 1:19 A.!'., subject egrin 
registered at the Penx-Beaver Hotel as F, P, KEILEB end was assigned Room 305, 
He checked out on April 9, 1948 a.t 9:10 P.K,, leaving no forwarding address. 
During bis stay he made the folloving telephone calls: 

A. On April 6, 1946, he called an unknown number at 
Detroit, Michigan, and talked for fourteen minutes, 

B. On April 6, 1946, he called pd unknown Anderson, " 
Indiana, number and talked for four minutes, 

C. On April 6, 1948, he Bade *> collect call to an 
unknown number at Ambler, Pa, 

D. On April 6, 1948, he called Kooketown, Pn,, 2026, 
listed to PEYTQL POSH RUSSELL, District Manager, American Chemical Paint 
Company, 


B, On April 7, 1948, he again called Hookstown 2026, 
listed to PEYTOB ROSE RUSSELL, District Manager, American Checical Print 
Company, 


T, On April 7, 1948, he called Beaver Falls, Pa.,, 191, 
listed, to Ingrahen-Sichardson Mrnuf acturing Company, Beever Falls, Pa, 

G, On April 7, 1948, be called Beaver, Pa.,, 1670^ 
phone listed to Dr, A, V, CllLEY, K.D, , 5hird Street, Beaver, Pa, 

K, On April 8, 1948, he received an incoming collect 
call from an unknown number at St, Louis, Missouri, and talked for nine 
minutes. 


I, On April 9, 1948, he cplled Eooketovn, Pe„, 2026, 
listed to PET TOT ROSE RUSSELL, American Chemical Faint Company, Hookstown, 

Pa. 

» 

J, On April 9, 1948, he placed and canceled a call to 
rn unknown number at Philadelphia, Fa, 




PG 65-1342 


4, On April 18, 1948; rt 10:17 P.K,, the subject again 
registered et the Petn-Beaver Hotel ns P« P. P . E3 JL K? . end was assigned 
Hood 412. He checked out on April 24, 1948, leaving ho forwarding Address. 
During fcls stay, he nede the following cells: 

A. On April 19, 1948, he celled Kookstown, Pe. t 2026, 
listed to PEYTCHT ROSS RUSS SILL, District Maneger, Anerlcpn Cbenicel Faint 
Coopany, Eookstown, Pe- 


B. On April 19, 1948, he celled pd unknown number e.t 
Eooketown, Pa., possibly Eookstovn 2026, listed p.s above. 

C* On April 21, 1948, he celled en unknown Pittsburgh, 
Pp., nunber end talked for two alnutes. 

D. On April 21, 1948, he celled an unknown number e.t 
Eookstovn, Pe., possibly Eooketown 2026. 


Bo other lnforn^tlon w&s available fron the hotel records. 
Rrs. RUE SS'TZ, Auditor, pdvised she did not recall 

HELLER. 


tte following persons, ell considered reliable end known 
personally by BA CaSEDOLLAS, edvlsed they Aid not recall H E LE A personally! 


EOKAS JUDGE, Hpneger, Penn-Berver Eotel 
RUE JUDGE, Assistant Krneger, Fenn-3ecver Hotel 
VIRGINIA VaE TASSELL, Desk Clerk, Pent-Beaver Hotel 
DOJOET H0Y1UJT, Desk Clerk, Penn-Bcnver Hotel 
KART AFKGKY, Desk Clerk, Fenn-Beaver Hotel 
BETTT JAPE HURRAY, Desk Clerk, Penn— Beaver Eotel * 


The records of the Fenn-3erver Hotel were also checked 
■for the yep-rs 1947, 1948, 1949, end through June, 1950, for the name VIRGITIA 
PAD DO CHS, EELLEE’s alleged girl friend, without succe ss. Fo record yps foun d 
for either p Kies or Mrs. O'BRlflT, likewise described 


REFERRED U?CE COKPLSTICF TO 5EE OFFICE OF OKI GIB 




«• 




PC 1342 


i 




RETEJ^CSS: Cincinnati teletype to Fbiledelpfcln, Pitt6t>ur£i t 

Indienfioolis, Kilvpukee, 7/2/50 
Report of S* HOWARD A, S1ARL, Fbilfidelpfci*, 7/6/50 
Report of 6i JOSEPH A» VE3JCA, Cincinnati, 7/21/50 




August 22, 1950 


jSAC, Balt la or* 
Director, FBI 


1H0MAS t. BLACK, wa'e. 
'SPI-NAIE - R 
Baltimore fila 65-V51 


Refarar.ee is rrede to Baltimore report of Special A pent Joseph 
C. "relno* dated July 7, 1950, in captioned natter. Peferer.ced report 
reveals on pa:;# five that Visa "tr.el Vane, Administrative Assistant In the 
Technical Library, Kereulea Powder Company, was Interviewed and that sha 
advised that toe Hopewell report# of the Hercules Powder Company did not 
contain any C-overraent raatrieted livforaatloc. It le noted that Vise 
~tlel Mann admitted trat ''illiaa Stapler entertained her socially on 
various occasions. In virw of this, it ia believed that an opinion should 
be obtained from other officials of the .-’.ercules Powder Caapsny rerardinf 
the classified nature of the Hopewell reports. 

One of the necessary elements in establishing a siceesaful 
prosec it ion in this cose ia the establishcer.t of the fact that informa- 
tion of a classified nature eaa passed by Black, "his matter should be 
handled expeditiously. 

—a- rr 


cc - Phila<toll*iii k '(a!il*. fll. 65-4332) 


65-59181 




L S - ?J±£Z 77 S 

\ - : r A*CH£0_- s --y , " MUO 

UvauifO 

AUG 2 a 

f {I . PWLAOUPWA 



August 2 % 1950 


J SAC, Balti*ora 

’ Director, FBI 

t^/VAS I. Pl-'Cr, was. 
s‘SPI A MA'‘B - R 
’’altimore fils 65-*l'"5l 


Reference is -rade to Baltimore report of Special '.gent Joseph 
C • "relnor dated July 7, 1950, in captioned matter, referenced resort 
reveals oc pa « five that lilss 3t.-el '-‘ann, Administrative Assistant in the 
Technical library, Hercules Powder Canpar.y, waa interviewed and that she 
advised that the gopevell reports of the Hercules Powder Caapany did not 
eer.taln ary Torwrment restricted irfomatlor. It la rotad that Visa 
Pthel Mann admitted t at "illiaa *. itaplar entertained her socially cn 
various occasion*. Ir. view of this, it is believed that ar opinion should 
be obtained from ether officials of the -ercules Fowder Ccr.rsry regarding 
the classified nature of the Hopewell reports. 

One of the recsssary ele-erta in establishing a successful 
prosec-ticn in this case ie the establlshr.ert of the fact that intones- 
tion of a classified nature was passed by 3laek. This matter sho .Id be 
har.dled expeditiously. 


cc - Philadelphia (Pbila. file 65-4332) 


(0 



-17 s * 


65-59181 





* 



ga v.miAi: b. 



niATlij JR* 


9-3J-50 


1 , Lw'i-in k.: Li - !>'.#. J WAS 

jLSrICIIAGE — R 

(Bufile 65-59131) 

Retulet 6-21-50 and report of SA HILLlAil B. T.ELTE, Jli., dated 7-26-50 at 
Philadelphia, 


/ 


All contacts of CHARLES ?/. EERO, the employer of the subject, were made by 
FA HOWARD A. SEARL. At no time during any of the interviews, did Hr. BERG 
express in any manner, a tiireat in any form to Agent SEARL or any other 
Special Agent of the FBI. BERG appeared to be highly emotional and easily 
upset. He o ^ crcd his complete cooperation to the Federal Bureau of Inves- 

tigation in connection with the instant investigation, and offered his services, 
if needed, in connection with any other investigation. At times, as the in- 
vestigation progressed, BERG expressed concern for the reputation of .the - ... 

company . The Charles 7.*. Berg Laboratories of 1627, Berth 5th Street, Philadel- 
phia, desiring tint every effort be node to protect the i-;oou reputation of that 
company. 


• Interviews T.-ith THvLIAL L« BLACK were conducted by SAs ViTLLIA?.' B. VYELTE, JR. 

] and ROBERT W. HOLHES.- boring the course of these interviews, BLACK nade occa- 
sionai references concerning the emotional instability of his employer. For 
J example, after BLACK returned to his employer after the initial interviews oh •• 
June 1 $ and 16, 1950, which were conducted during BLACK’S normal. working, hours, 
he informed CHARLES V?. BERG that he had been interviewed by tine FBI and was ‘ 
doing everything he could to assist its investigation cf MARE I (R3LD. BERG was 
rather incensed over the fact that BLACK had not beer at work for two days and 
told BLACK that the FBI had no right to interview him curing the day and that 
if he were being detained, he should sue the FBI. He also recoor-.ended to BLACK 
that he get an attorney# ••• * -Wc. - - .' *> 


BLACK told the Agents that he did not take anything- that BERG said seriously in 
view of the fact that BERG was a neurotic hypochondriac, and an unstable indi- « 
vidual. 


As the Bureau has been previously advised, the surveillance of subject BLACK 
was extremely difficult due to the character of the neighborhood in which the- 
• surveillance was 'being conducted. There were several numbers writers (petty 
gambler e)in the vicinity of the Charles V». Berg Laboratories, and. it was' got n 
. long before the curve tiling Agents were spotted by these numbers writ err as 
being strangers in the vicinity. However, while the Agents were spotted, tbero 
is absolutely no indication that they. were .aware of the identity of the Agents. 
The surveilling Agents observed these numbers writers in the vicinity and even 
noticed that they went into the Charles A. Berg Laboratories each day. 


TjBTi :ntp 

65-1332 


{,5- 


-pi- 


c r : 


BLACK had advisee or. scvcr.il occasions, tnat ho suspected he was being 8to>- 
veillcd and that ’.JTiQ or. or.e occasion, hearing cf the activity of strangers • 
in the vi cir.it*.', flrrr off the handle and told BLACK that it vrus all his far It 
that the F3I ittls arcv.nl and that he would shoe', the f.irct FBI Agent that he 
saw. At the tire he made this statement, BLACK stated that BLTiG was in a 
highly emotional state and certainly did not mean anything that he was saying#. 
BLACK explained that BARG, a married nan, was having several affaire with 
other women and ho believed that BLRG was considerably distressed for fear that 
the individuals noticed in the vicinity wers hired by his wife 'or the husband • 
of -one cf the women with who;; he ms going, and would have been quite relieved 
to know that it was the FBI. 


During the interview's, when ELACK brought up the subject of a surveillance, no 
comment was cade to either affirn or deny the existence of the survsillanc .0 on 
subject BLACK. To this day, no jst-ateaent has been made to him as to whether or 
not he was ever under surveillance by this office, .... > •* 





SA YiTLLL'JJ £. WELTL, JR. 

TE3&1S 1. "7-iCK, was 
ESFICKACE - E 

(Bufile 65-59131) 



9 - 13-50 



Retulet 6-21-50 and report of SA Y.TLLIAH B. WiiLTL, JR., dated 7-26-50 at 
Philadelphia. 


All contacts of CHARLES 7/. BERG, the employer of the subject, ware Bids by 
SA ECLAT:'*) A. STALL . At no tine during any of the interviews, did Mr. EERO 
express in any manner, a threat in any forr. to Agent SEAEL or any ether 
Special Agent of the .FBI. BERG appeared to be highly emotional and easily 
upset.' He offered his complete cooperation to the Federal Bureau of Inves- • • 
tigaiion in connection with the instant investigation, and offered his services, 
if needed, in connection with any other investigation. At tines, as the in- 
vestigation progressed, BERG expressed concern for the reputation of the . 
company, The Charles Hi, Berg Laboratories of 1-327. North 5th Street, Philadel- 
phia, desiring tb: : .t every effort bs node to protect the good reputation of that 
company. 


Interviews r.ith Til IV. f L. ELACK were conducted by SAs wILLIAM B. YiELTE, JR. 
and F.SEIRT 7.‘. P1I1SS. Luring the courss of -these interviews,- HACK siada occa- 
sional. references concerning the emotional instability of his employer. For 
example, after BLACK returned to his employer after the initial interviews cn 
June. 1> and It. 1950, which were conducted during. BLACh's normal working hours, 
he informed CHARLES V/. EI7P.G that he had been interviewed by the FBI and was ’ 
doing everything he could to assist its investigation of 11177.7 SOLS. ElaC- was 
rather incensed over ti.a fact that BLACK had not beer: a; tor-: fer tuo days and 
told BLACK that the FBI bad no right to interview him. dr.ring the day and that 
if he vi* re bci ;v detained, he should sue the FBI. He also rocouraendod to ELACK 
that h« get en attorney. • * ■ - - • v - * • - <■ • 


BLACK told the Agents that 'he' did not take anything that BERG said seriously in J 
view of the fact that BERG ras a neurotic hypochondriac, . and an unstable indi-.- , 
vidual. 


As the Bureau has bten previously advised, the. surveillance of subject BLACK 
was extremely difficult d:e to the character of tha neighborhood in which thu 
surveillance was being conducted. There were several nunbers writers (petty 
gamblers) in the vicinity of the Charles ’A. Berg Laboratories, and ltiwas not-^N i- 
long before the surveilling Agents were spotted by these nunbers writers as* 
bring strangers in the vicinity. Hcwevor, while the Agents wore spotted, there 
is absolutely no indication that thoy.were cwure of .the identity cf thv Agents. 

The surveilling Agents observed ti:c3o numbers writers in the vicinity and even 
noticed that they went into the Charles ?i. Berg Laboratories each . day.' ' 

I • rw -- * , . /■ . ■ «• «•... 

I . t*hu*z f r'^ ■' .... / ' 


Y7B.Y :ctp 


65-U332 




‘Ml} 


ni-x 




I 


Y.V J 



Jfcrao - SAC 

5 - 12-50 


BLACK had advised on several occasions, that he suspected ha vus being b'ur- 
vcillcd and that i-.TllG on cue occasion, hearing or 'the activity of strangers * 
in the vicinity, Hew off the handle end told HACK that :.t vns <-11 his fault 
that the FBI ".ms around and that he would shoo*- the first FBI Agont that he 
saw. At the tins ho n.adc this statement, BLACK stated that BUG was in a 
highly cnotio;ial state raid certainly did not naan any tiling that he vrae saying*. . 
•BLACK explained that SeRG, a married nan, was having several affairs with 
other women and ho believed that BE21Q was considerably distressed for fear that 
the individuals noticed in the vicinity were hired by his wife otr the husband 
of one of the women vith whoa he was going, and would have bean quite relieved : 
to know that it wes the FBI. 


During the interviews, when BLACK brought up the subject cf a surveillance, no 
comment was aads to either affirn cr deny the existence of the surveillance on 
subject BLACK, 'i'o xhit day, nc statenent has bean cade to him <ie to whether or 
not he was ever under surveillance by this office* ‘ ' 



r 




Security Precautions 
Methods of Payment 
■Information Sought 


Information Obtained 


Ooccainlst Party Assistance 





'} * 


! 

SAC, PHILADELPHIA . September 11, 1950 

SAC, SEATTLE 

THOMAS L. BLACK, was. 

ESPIONAGE - R; 

(Philadelphia file 65-A332). 


j Rear let dated August 21, 1950, enclosing a copy of the report . 

of SA WILLIAM B. UELTE, JR., dated July 26, 1950, Philadelphia. 

Referenced letter also indicated that a photograph of BLACK 
vs . 3 being enclosed. 

The photograph of BLACK was not received by the Seattle Office. 

It is rea.uested that for the completion of the Seattle files the photograph 
of BLACK be forwarded to Seattle. 


65-3095 

WCTjjn 


toS,- 3 ~ 1 $ 7 



Office Memorandum 

• UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT 

To il • SAC7 PHILADELPHIA 
** w : Atf, SEATTLE 

date. September 11, 1950* — 

• 

. subject: THOMAS L. BUCK, was, 

ESPIONAGE - R; 

(Philadelphia file 


Reurlet dated August 21, 1950, enclosing a copy of the report 
of SA WILLIAM B. WELTE, JR. , dated July 26, 1950, Philadelphia, 

Referenced letter also indicated that a photograph of BLACK 
was being enclosed. 

The photograph of BLACK was not received by the Seattle Office, 

, It is requested that for the completion of the Seattle files the photograph 

1 of BLACK be forwarded to Seattle, 

65-3095 

WCTjJn 

/ 

> 

4j' y33*-'7S? 

J 

j 

. V 

p. ■ 


VI : 


9/25/50 



SAC, Seattle 
SA CT~ Philadelphia 

,.j } 

fHCJ.'AS L. SLACK, Tran. 
fSPIOKAGE - P. 

(Seattle file 65-3095) 


Kenrlet 9/ll/50. 

Enclosed is a photograph of the ^abject taken in June 1950. 


Enclosure 




J:cab 

-14332 






Director, F3J 

J-'ij, Fniladciphia 


10/5/50 


vTlv.'i • 1 C.d.GlL cr ThX AEI3, SCI£;C£3 « PF-GFiDiSlOUd 
(co-o'irni: to ?iiEU T-ir. iksilTwOod ts:) 

ITTEf:.! SIDUJTi - C 


Cu iC’/.V/>j, L. IlLACii, m admitted Soviet, ocploncge agent, was 

inter viewed at the Phil’idphia Office. During tito course of tho 
intorviow he j-rcviucod a newspaper clipping datelir.ed ct }!olly.roc<i, 

Cr-Ii f oral a, July 27, 1950, widen he believed case free, the Hwv York 
linos cf July 23th. 

The star? doalv with the release of c. publicity bulletin by the 
Cor* dt tee to Free the Hollywood Ten.' According to tills bulletin, this 
couaittee was distributing throughout tho country/' a short film de- 
fe;»din£ the ten Hollywood writers jelled for contempt of Congress. 

The lest p> i u‘fv~*ph of the news story read as follows: 

'•i.'he/i tho office of the Coetndttce for Freeing the 
HslLywcod Yer. was called for further Infcrrj'.lion, 

Iv.ftdn ilaZd, who sold he w os in charge of booking 
the file;, v*33 put on the phone. He expressed en- 
thusiesa cbout the prospects of getting a wide ro- 
lesse of tho subject not cmly In theatres bit in 
hoces throughout the country.” 

The Caxlttea was referred to in the story as a aubdi vision of the 
Scuiicil of tho Art g, Sciences and Professions IscotoJ. m 1,501 Crc‘.i:^- 
roeu3 of t he >.orid, Hollywood 26, California. 

DUiCt- enixLuir.C’i that his reason for presenting ttiio clipping was tliai 
he wan certain KsKTIK FI £3,1; is a sian wlioc he knev daring the 1930*s and 
early 1940* s in Kevark, tf. J. His correct nate is MAX" FRsIFLLD, which 
was changed by liir. to HAKTIK F132). HLAC7, for sogv 2 tine, roonod with 
FlULD’s bretdor, w'.jo uses the na.ua of CiLUiLhS FIiIuiFIfii3. 

Accovuirig to KLAC&, MAkTlit PIclD was, for a lev weeks in the early 
1'9«/J*s, w cior 'Jbor cf the CdUdliT FjuTTT in ,» • <;», but tiro ppou 


rwh/rnc 

100-33949 


Los Angeles 
lieu' ark... _ 

qiTFilo fc5-433^THC£ti3 L. SLACK) 



Director, FBI 


out. He has regained a strong and active Cocisunist sympathizer. At ., 
one tiite he was employed or. the WPA writers* project in New York City. 

Ir. the early lV40 9 a he worked on a proof reader for a ticket printing * 
company in Newark vliich BLACK believes was called the Enterprise or 
the Empire Ticket Cei^xny. FIELD went to Iloll^'v/ood about 1944 or 1945 
to become a wri ter in the notion picture industry cut was never suc- 
cessful at it. He was aarriod about 1940 or 1941 at Newark to ii.ALTN 
GMCSil'J'J:, who is 'a writer under the name of HKT.KK COLTON. BLACK describes 
her as a C? sympathizer. 

This is being reported as a matter of information. 


« 

M ? I C E 


KSH0R1KDUK 


U1JITED STATES G0V3BSKEKT ■ 


To : 
From • 
Subject: 


W3W: llv 

05 - 433-2 



■lull;;; h. i;aylch 


SAC. 

Philadelphia 

October- 11, 1950 

THCS 

■ ,, ^ T ~ ^ t r ~ 



The above subject is being assigned to you under the Detcom 
progrea, It is your responsibility to view the subject and 
beccne acquainted with his physical appearance. When thi6 
has been done you will prepare a aenoranduc reflecting such 
action and, if the case is assigned to you, will make a rec- 
onaendation as to whether the case should be closed or whether 
additional investigation should be conducted. 

It is expected that you v/ill have becone acquainted with the 
subject and will hate prepared the meaorandua reflecting this 
within a two-week period fron the date of assignment. 


^ 5 ’- ¥33,1 - 8od 

/7,.,_ - * 


C F F I C 3 


HIKOEAOUM 


UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT 


t 


! SA WILLIAM H. HATLCR 

rron : SAC, Philadelphia October 11, 1950 

Subject: mOMAS LESSIL'C BLACK 
EiPIOiiAUE - R 


The above subject is being assigned to you under the Detcoa 
program, It is your responsibility to view the subject and 
becone acquainted with his physical appearance, When this 
has been done you will prepare a memorandum reflecting such 
action and, if the case is assigned to you, will make a rec- 
ommendation as to whether the case should be closed or whether 
additional investigation should be conducted. 

It is expected that you will have become acquainted with the 
subject and will ha^e prepared the memorandum reflecting this 
within a two-week period from the date of assignment, , 

j 

WBtf : llv 

65-4332 






(U 


6£- V33J-- ? e0 


hl'UlAUZ-D . ' K 



0 C T J I J950 

L PH i a 


a photon 
City of 


in or .’or 

1931. 


^cc: 



Vkv.-.K™*: 

100-7 ('J 


™ recto r, -T.1 October 13, 1950 

r.hC, :’evr York 

* r ‘ ***-,*• 'N' Z * " 

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fie T report dated R/ 4 / 5 O entitled, as above. 

* -o' card h rovrith for the Philadcl rhia Office are trro copies of 
raph of YTtr \. r A~?r"iI.T':, Chemist in t.hc hcparttcr.t of Purchase, 
row York. 

% 

^’nlsdcl'bia is requested to exhibit photo to ,1 P. ?‘.AC- 

to '.'etemirc if identical to the 'I. ''AriG^LI?’ kroxn to hira in 


i?adcl’'bia (f5-4332) 


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October 13, 1950 

’-’cvf York 


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T:c T report dated <■>//, /50 entitled, as above. 

’uclosrd ^'jrcTd.t.h for the Philadelphia Office arc tro copies of 
a rheto'-rnph cf ""Tr-MAT , < r AT.j''1.7!’, Chemist in the l.cpartucnt of Purchase, 
City of ' o.v York. 

"iiladclrkia is requested to exhibit photo to T’*?.TAf) T.. BLACK 
in or !cr to dotemi'e if idontical tc the Unarm to hin in 

1931. 



2ce: ^hiladclrbia (65-A332) - ends* (2) *•' 

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’"A'YsA-'Y 

100-76163 


STANDARD FORM NO. W 


Office NlemdiWndum 


FROM t 


SUBJECT:.| 


• UNITED STA®S GOVERNMENT 


dath: October 19 t 1950 


S A WILLIALi H. NAYLOR 

THOLiAS LESS KG BLACK 
ESP I0W ACS - R 


The writer has viewed subject on various occasions and is 
acquainted with his physical appearance. The writer i'S also familiar with 
the neighborhood in which subject lives; namely, 192 9 North 6th Street, 
Philadelphia, and is also familiar with subject's place of employment. The 
Charles V/. Berg Laboratories, 1827 North 5th Street, Philadelphia, pa. 


whn/mrs 

65-U332 


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